The DPRU is a member of the Network for Jobs and Development (NJD) partnership, initially established to pursue a multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary approach to the global jobs agenda during the period 2013-16. The DPRU, for Sub-Saharan Africa, is one of five global institutions that joined the NJD, financed from of the World Bank’s Development Grant Facility (DGF).
The World Bank Jobs group was our counterpart at the World Bank, and our partner institutions include:
• The Institute for Structural Research (IBS), for Europe and Central Asia
• The Institute for Emerging Market Studies (IEMS) at Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST), for East Asia and Pacific
• The Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), for South Asia
• Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA), for Latin America
Building on the WDR 13 on Jobs, the Jobs Knowledge Platform, and the interest of the international community in employment as part of the post-2015 MDG and the G20 agendas, this programme built a vibrant community of individuals and institutions working on issues related to jobs that shared experiences and knowledge to inform policy debates and offer development solutions. The NJD Initiative recognized employment generation as a critical condition for raising living standards, achieving poverty reduction, and the role of globalization in improving labour working conditions.
It supported the extension of the benefits of growth and good jobs to lagging regions within countries and emphasized the role of employment and skills in driving economic growth. The goal of the NJD was to contribute to the creation of multi-sector, multi-disciplinary solutions to the jobs challenges around the world based on research and empirical evidence from programs on the ground. This would help facilitate the identification and dissemination of best practices and innovations on job creation.
The DPRU, in managing and co-ordinating the regional Sub-Saharan African programme, had three specific objectives:
1. Knowledge Sharing:
• To share and distribute data; interesting, novel and innovative research; policy interventions; country experiments and developments; and other outputs in a readable; digestible format to a global audience interested in employment issues in Sub-Saharan Africa.
• To organise high-level dissemination activities, and act as a hub for sourcing, interpreting and packaging knowledge around Sub-Saharan Africa and jobs, as well as taking regional information and making it accessible, useful and of value globally.
• To share insights; inform policy discussions and debates about practical, multi-disciplinary solutions to expanding job creation and improving job opportunities around the world in general and Sub-Saharan Africa in particular.
The outputs produced for the first objective included for example: regional events, blogs; vlogs (video blogs); Google+ Hangouts, and social media on key job topics which relate to Sub-Saharan Africa.
The First IZA / World Bank / NJD Conference on Jobs and Development: Following the success of the 2016 Jobs and Development Conference in Washington D.C., IZA – Institute of Labor Economics with the World Bank Jobs Group and the Network on Jobs and Development, will be hosting a 2-day conference at the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogotá, Colombia, in May 2018. For more information, please click here.
Global event: The 2016 Jobs and Development Conference, hosted by the NJD, and the World Bank Jobs Group, convened on November 2-3, 2016 in Washington, D.C., to discuss the latest policy-relevant research to foster the creation of multi-sector, multi-disciplinary solutions to jobs challenges around the world. (Event summary report)
Regional events: The DPRU hosted a workshop in Cape Town in 2015, on "Labour Markets in SubSaharan Africa", and also co-hosted a symposium in November 2014, in Johannesburg, on: "China’s Impact on African Employment: What Do We Know and Where are the Gaps?".
Jobs and Development Blog:
- Can urban slums help people work their way out of poverty? By Ivan Turok & Jackie Borel-Saladin
- Does informality help inclusive growth in Africa? By Kezia Lilenstein
- In West Africa, education = jobs and jobs = development By Adaiah Lilenstein
- Growth is not enough for Mozambique’s informal workers By Sam Jones
- Urbanization, climate change and jobs in Africa By Anton Cartwright
- Improving compliance with minimum wage standards By Uma Rani, Martin Oelz & Patrick Belser
- Economic growth not enough for jobs in Ghana By William Baah-Boateng
- Jobs and health in South Africa By Chijioke Nwosu
- Labor regulation in Zambia - Finding the right balance By Gibson Masumbu
- Colonial history affects labor regulations By Lucas Ronconi
- Creating good jobs in Africa: demand- and supply-side policies By Stephen Golub and Ahmadou Aly Mbaye
- Private sector and youth employment: the experience in Kenya By Ehud Gachugu
- How the interplay between large and small informal firms affects jobs in West Africa By Aly Mbaye, Nancy Benjamin & Stephen Golub
- The Dismal State of Numbers for Economic Governance in Africa By Morten Jerven
- Juggling Labor, Credit, and Crops in Zambia By Kelsey Jack
- Meeting the Youth Employment Challenge in Africa – Six Myths By Louise Fox & Deon Filmer
- Africa should invest in people, not industries By Ravi Kanbur
- The employment outlook for Nigeria By Olu Ajakiye
- Can Mozambique use its booming energy sector to create jobs? By Channing Arndt
- Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: 6 May 2014
- China in Africa: China’s Impact on African Employment: 23 February 2015
- Labour and Unemployment in South Africa: Towards a "Grand Bargain": 15 March 2016
- Labour Regulations and Enforcement: 22 August 2016
2. Knowledge Generation:
• To encourage and support relevant African research, preferably in collaboration with African partners. Ideally this will be achieved through fostering new approaches to research and data; filling knowledge gaps with innovative, cross-sectoral and multi-disciplinary analysis; and learning from programmes on the ground, including evaluations of impact effectiveness.
The outputs produced for the second objective included for example: commissioning of Working Papers, and Policy Notes based on substantive research, and in 2014, the generation of Data Fact Sheets Sub-Saharan Africa.
- WP201505: Labor Market Regulations in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a Focus on Senegal, by Stephen Golub, Aly Mbaye and Hanyu Chwe.
- WP 201405 - The Urban Informal Sector in Francophone Africa:Large Versus Small Enterprises in Benin, Burkina Faso and Senegal, by Aly Mbaye, Nancy Benjamin, Stephen Golub and Jean-Jacques Ekomie.
- WP 201504 - Can Africa Compete with China in Manufacturing? The Role of Relative Unit Labor Costs, by Janet Ceglowski, Stephen Golub, Aly Mbaye and Varun Prasad.
- PB14/31:Combining Educational Access and Educational Quality into a Single Statistic, by Nicholas Spaull and Stephan Taylor
- PB14/32: Job Destruction and Minimum Wage-Setting in the South African Clothing Industry, by Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings
- PB14/34: China, Africa, Agriculture and Labor Markets, by Deborah Bräutigam
- PB14/35: Localization of Chinese Investments in Africa, by Barry Sautman and Yan Hairong
- PB14/36: How the Private Sector is Changing Chinese Investment in Africa, by Xiaofang Shen
- PB14/37: Beyond statistics A qualitative look at the employment effects in the Chinese trade clusters of Ghana and Senegal, by Karsten Giese
- PB14/38: Africa’s Employment Challenge and the Role of Agriculture: Is China a Player? A Review of Chinese Initiatives in Rural Africa, by Ward Anseeuw, Jean-Jacques Gabas and Bruno Losch
- PB14/39: Reflecting On Racial Discrimination In The Post-Apartheid South African Labour Market, by Karmen Naidoo, Ben Stanwix and Derek Yu
- PB14/40: The Competitive Effects of China on the South African Manufacturing Sector, by Lawrence Edwards and Rhys Jenkins
- PB14/41: Productivity, Jobs, And Growth In Africa: Six Pieces Of The Puzzle, by Vijaya Ramachandran
- PB14/42: An Open African Data Approach to Improving Data Quality, by Lynn Woolfrey
- PB15/44: Informality and Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, by Aalia Cassim, Kezia Lilenstein, Morne Oosthuizen and Francois Steenkamp.
- PB16/45: “The South African Township Economy and Informal Micro-Enterprises: What are the prospects for youth employment and entrepreneurship?”, by Andrew Charman (Sustainable Livlihoods Foundation)
3. Create a Community:
• To participate in a global network and exchange practical approaches to, and solutions for, the Sub-Saharan Africa jobs agenda.
• To act as a conduit for relationships between specific groups and institutions interested in Sub-Saharan Africa, and link researchers and institutions for potential collaborative research.
For more information, please contact the team: